There are many types of codecs, all used for specific purposes to reduce file sizes and make them easier to distribute down a limited bandwidth pipe. Lossy compression and Lossless compression are the two most common categories of data compression used to reduce the size of data without significant loss of information.
With the pandemic’s alarming numbers now decreasing, news anchors have carefully begun reporting from the studio again, albeit in separate parts of the building and socially distanced. However, the IP-enabled technology and remote workflows developed by equipment vendors across the industry during the worst of it have endured and will for some time. These new tools allow reporters, producers and technicians to work from home by streamlining the process of producing a newscast.
In terms of new broadcast cameras, if the recent virtual IBC convention is any indication of how the industry is supporting broadcast and TV studio customers, buyer confusion reigns supreme. Gone are the days of one-camera-fits-all applications.
Reporters for WAFF-TV, the NBC affiliate in Huntsville, Alabama, have seen their share of weather disasters and learned to adapt to working from home for short periods of time. It goes with covering the territory. The current pandemic situation, however, is another story all together. It’s a story that, with each week, brings mental fatigue but also a can-do spirit to help the local community get through the crisis.
Back in the mid 1970s, when I was starting out in the video business, television engineers told me the U-Matic tape format was not good enough for broadcast. Within a few years the 3/4-inch cassette transformed TV, creating the ENG revolution. Not much has changed since in attitudes.
Following a rash of 4K UHD products that hit the market two years ago, cameras with high dynamic range (HDR) capability also began to emerge as a less costly alternative to improving signal quality. Indeed, HDR had a strong showing at the 2017 CES, with different TV manufacturers pledging support for Dolby Vision (PQ) and Hybrid Log-Gamma (HLG) systems in addition to the baseline HDR10 standard.
Philo T. Farnsworth was the original TV pioneer. When he transmitted the first picture from a camera to a receiver in another room in 1927, he exclaimed to technicians helping him, “There you are – electronic television!” What’s never been quoted but likely the first question raised was “What do we do with it?”